How to make a carriage?
To design a carriage it is necessary with definition of dimensions, specification of loading on axes, exact calculation of the sizes of all details. If there is no way to prepare the drawings in person, then you just need to find ready.
From Design to Realization
Start the embodiment of the plan in the tree is best from the side panels. On the sheets of moisture-resistant plywood mark out the contours of the door, the windows, and possible technical grooves. Cut the intended openings conveniently with a jigsaw, and holes for the entry of its nozzle can be drilled or knocked out.
After making sure that the sidewalls fit each other perfectly, which prevents skewing during assembly, you need to mark out and cut out the front and rear walls. If, according to the designer's plan, they should have a curved shape, then the mold-blanks will have to be impregnated with a water-repellent compound in advance so that the boiling water does not change the outlines set by it.
Finally, it's time to prepare the bottom and the roof. These parts of the future coach are usually further strengthened, making them from sheets of greater thickness, and also by screwing thin metal plates. It is important at the same time not to get involved in strengthening the body too much, so as not to add to it an extra mass. An unreasonable pursuit of strength can destroy the chassis soon after the start of operation.
The frame can be made from both wood and metal profiles. In the first case, it is necessary to provide in advance a pair of additional supports directly under the bottom in the drawing. Suspension is best done from auto parts, and the wheels use bicycle.
The most important stage is the assembly
Finished body parts are connected by posts and cross-bars, bolted to it, but for a greater density it is possible to apply also joiner's glue. The inner edge of the doors is previously thinned, after which the ease of hanging them on the hinges and the tightness of the closure is checked. Seats are also bent out of plywood. The upholstery should be selected as gently as possible so that passengers are more comfortable to drive bumps and depressions. Place for the coachman is often equipped with attachments for a light canopy or large umbrella. Decorative coating and decoration can be done with the help of varnish, paint, velvet and leather.
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