History of coaches in Russia
In Russia, the first carriages appeared in XVII century. All carriages were very simple, for example, the carriage of Peter I was small, black with four windows. However, already in the XVIII century, carriages from a convenient vehicle turned into an element of prestige, a way to emphasize one's position in society. Among the notable people it was decided to "go out" to the light. The preference of walking tours bordered on obscene behavior and was widely blamed. Such a follow-up to the rules of light was soon brought to the point of absurdity. In fact even to the next house it was necessary to go in the fully harnessed crew.
The appearance of the carriages should be mentioned separately. The presence of one's own exit was the "calling card" of a wealthy person. It was a whole ritual, distinguished by an unusual luxury and pomposity. For example, persons with a rank of colonel and above had to leave in a carriage in four or six horses, with a long-bearded coachman and two postilioners. The most notable boyars studded the carriages inside with red velvet, glazed windows were considered a special luxury. Crews of Catherine II were gilded, decorated with hand-painted. And there were up to twelve people in the carriage of Paul I!
The nineteenth century brought changes to coach fashion. If in the last century unhurried visits were held, then at the beginning of the nineteenth century life began to dictate a different rhythm, and the carriages began to move along the streets at a high speed. Remained in the past and the splendor of the crews. Now Alexander I himself traveled in Petersburg in a carriage with one horse.
The beginning of the XX century was marked by mass production of cars. Gold-plated carriages and fast carriages remained in the past, it would seem, forever. However, in our time there is a demand for horse carriages again. There are entire factories that create carriages according to the original drawings of the past. Today, renting a coach at a wedding or a romantic date is a sign of a good taste and eccentricity of the customer. Noble beauty of the crews, peculiar exoticism, corresponding to the fashionable style "retro", and the unique color of the truly Russian scope create a special atmosphere and give the opportunity to plunge into the era of the past centuries!
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